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Friday, June 15, 2007

Copying a Disk Image to a USB Memory Stick on Mac OS X

These are the steps needed to copy a disk image (.img file) directly to a USB Flash Memory Stick.

For example, I wanted to copy a Linux boot image file to a memory stick so that I could boot a Linux server directly from the stick.

What you don't want to do is have Mac OS X mount the stick and just drag the image to the stick in the Finder. This will copy the file to the filesystem that is already on the stick.

You want to replace that filesystem with the one contained in the .img file. Note that this is complete replacement - and existing data on the stick will be erased.

1. Insert the memory stick in the Mac

2. Open the Disk Utility application (in Applications/Utilities)
You should see the name of the USB stick appear in the left panel in the application, below your system disk.

3. Click the memory stick name, then click the 'Restore' tab at the top of the right hand panel.

4. Drag and drop the .img file to be copied into the Source box in Disk Utility.

5. Drag the memory stick icon from the left panel into the Destination box.

6. Click the Restore button that has now become active and click OK in the confirmation window which then appears.

7. Enter your password in the authentication window that pops up.

8. The copy is complete when the Source and Destination boxes in Disk Utility go blank.

9. Click on the memory stick icon in the Finder and you should see the contents have been replaced with those of the disk image.

Those familiar with the ever useful UNIX command dd might expect to use this to copy the image file on the command line. The problem here is that Mac OS X will automatically mount the memory stick into the Finder such that a command like 'sudo dd if=/path/to/my.img of=/dev/disk3' will fail with a 'Resource Busy' error.


Unknown said...

You can use dd if you do the following:

sudo diskutil umountDisk /dev/disk1

This is different from eject and makes disk1 available for use with commands like dd.

If you eject the drive in Finder, the block device is also released.

Chippy said...

You can also unmount the disk without removing the block devices from /dev by clicking the 'unmount' button in Disk Utility (NOT the 'eject' button).

Ari Porzecanski said...

I'm actually doing the opposite. Creating a disk image of the USB key that has four of the latest MAC OS's on it. Just so I can use the USB key for something else. Then return it to the quad boot USB key. =)

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